The following patient leaflets provide useful information about the different types of orthodontic treatments available. They give an idea of what to expect during your treatment as well as how to look after your teeth and orthodontic brace whilst having treatment. These leaflets have been produced by the British Orthodontic Society.

Your first visit

Orthodontic treatment

Dummy and Digit Sucking

How to keep your teeth and gums healthy

Teeth and brace friendly food and drink

Orthodontic treatment: What are the risks?

Impacted Canines

Removable Appliances

Adult Orthodontics

Fixed Appliances


Orthodontic Mini Screws

Interproximal Reduction

Orthognathic Surgery

Do I need Orthodontic treatment?

If you think your teeth are overcrowded, protrude, slope back too far, or you feel your bite is not right then it makes sense to have a consultation with a Specialist Orthodontist. You may also feel that the positions of your teeth are changing with time so you can seek advice or reassurance.

When should treatment be started?

Most treatment starts on children aged 11 to 14 once all of the first teeth have been lost and growth is still occurring. However, if there is a simple problem, orthodontic treatment can be started earlier, perhaps at 7 or 8 years old.  It is important that the patient is able to understand the reasons and is happy to co-operate if ‘interceptive’, early treatment is to be carried out.

Am I too old for orthodontics?

Adult orthodontic treatment has become very popular, particularly since the appliances have improved in their appearance. There are some differences between adults and children which can impose certain limitations on either the treatments available or the outcome. It is also extremely important that your teeth and gums are healthy before proceeding.

What kind of treatment will I need?

This will depend on the positions of your teeth. There are a number of available treatments but there is not always a choice of appliance in order to achieve the best result. The orthodontist will discuss the alternatives and recommend the best solution either at the time of your first consultation or after further records, such as  x-rays and moulds, have been taken.

How long will treatment take?

It depends on the complexity of the problem but, generally, orthodontic treatment with fixed appliances takes between 18 months and 2 years.  Some more simple treatment may take as little as 9 months. Treatment will take longer if the brace is broken frequently or appointments are missed.

Does treatment hurt?

Teeth are usually tender for the first few days after a fixed brace is fitted and sometimes after the adjustment appointments. This can be controlled by painkillers or you may need to consider a softer diet. You will be given a special type of wax in case the brace rubs your lips or cheeks.

Will my teeth stay straight after treatment?

Once the positions of the teeth have been corrected, the braces are removed and retainers fitted. These may be removable or fixed and are an extremely important part of treatment. Teeth continue to wear down and move slightly throughout life, even if you have not had orthodontic treatment, but by wearing your retainers as instructed you can keep your new smile looking good for many years.